The French National Consultative Commission on Human Rights

The French National Consultative Commission on Human Rights (Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme - CNCDH) is the French national institution for human rights, established in 1947 in Paris.

The French National Consultative Commission on Human Rights

The French National Consultative Commission on Human Rights (CNCDH) is the French national institution for human rights. Established in 1947, the CNCDH is the oldest National Human Rights institution.

independent and with a pluralist composition, its main objectives are to:

  • Advise and make proposals to the Government and Parliament in matters related to human rights and international humanitarian law, through its public opinions;
  • Control the effectiveness in France of the rights protected under the international human rights conventions; and
  • Contribute to the work of the United Nations human rights bodies and to the Universal Periodic Review.

The CNCDH monitors the implementation in France of all recommendations from the international and European committees. It also raises public awareness and educates on human rights topics, by organising trainings and public events, or publishing educational tools.

As the national, independent rapporteur, it evaluates the national policies related to racism, antisemitism and xenophobia, as well as those related to human trafficking, gender policies, business and human rights.

It participates in the national framework for monitoring the CRPD (under Article 33).

Core functions
  • Monitoring
  • Publishing research, recommendations, opinions
  • Reporting to international and regional human rights mechanisms
  • Legal assistance (but not free legal aid)
  • Advising government, parliament and other public bodies
  • Supporting the work of human rights defenders
  • Cooperation with civil society organisations
  • Human rights education and training
  • Awareness raising activities
  • Evaluation of the French policy related to racism, antisemitism and xenophobia
  • Evaluation of the French policy related to human trafficking and exploitation
  • Monitoring of the implementation of international humanitarian law
  • Evaluation of the national plans related to business and human rights
  • Evaluation of national plans related to gender policies
  • Cooperation through projects carried out under AFCNDH (the Francophone network of human rights institutions)
  • Cooperation with EU FRA through the French focal point (IFDL)
  • Third-party interventions before the European Court of Human Rights
    and
  • Communication under Rule 9 to the Committee of ministers